Activity ID



December 10, 2023

Format Type


CME Credit




CME Provider: JAMA Ophthalmology

Description of CME Course

There is an unmet need for noninvasive biomarkers of intracranial pressure (ICP), which manifests as papilledema that can be quantified by optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging.

To determine whether OCT of the optic nerve head in papilledema could act as a surrogate measure of ICP.

Design, Setting, and Participants:
This longitudinal cohort study used data collected from 3 randomized clinical trials that were conducted between April 1, 2014, and August 1, 2019. Participants who were female and had active idiopathic intracranial hypertension were enrolled from 5 National Health Service hospitals in the UK. Automated perimetry and OCT imaging were followed immediately by ICP measurement on the same day. Cohort 1 used continuous sitting telemetric ICP monitoring (Raumedic Neurovent P-tel device) on 1 visit. Cohort 2 was evaluated at baseline and after 3, 12, and 24 months and underwent lumbar puncture assessment of ICP.

Main Outcomes and Measures:
Optical coherence tomography measures of the optic nerve head and macula were correlated with ICP levels, Frisén grading, and perimetric mean deviation. The OCT protocol included peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, optic nerve head, and macular volume scans (Spectralis [Heidelberg Engineering]). All scans were validated for quality and resegmented manually when required.

A total of 104 women were recruited. Among cohort 1 (n?=?15; mean [SD] age, 28.2 [9.4] years), the range of OCT protocols was evaluated, and optic nerve head central thickness was found to be most closely associated with ICP (right eye: r?=?0.60; P?=?.02; left eye: r?=?0.73; P?=?.002). Subsequently, findings from cohort 2 (n?=?89; mean [SD] age, 31.8 [7.5] years) confirmed the correlation between central thickness and ICP longitudinally (12 and 24 months). Finally, bootstrap surrogacy analysis noted a positive association between central thickness and change in ICP at all points (eg, at 12 months, a decrease in central thickness of 50 µm was associated with a decrease in ICP of 5 cm H2O).

Conclusions and Relevance:
In this study, optic nerve head volume measures on OCT (particularly central thickness) reproducibly correlated with ICP and surrogacy analysis demonstrated its ability to inform ICP changes. These data suggest that OCT has the utility to not only monitor papilledema but also noninvasively prognosticate ICP levels in idiopathic intracranial hypertension.


1. This activity is accredited by the American Medical Association.
2. This activity is free to AMA members.

Register for this Activity

ABMS Member Board Approvals by Type
More Information
Commercial Support?

NOTE: If a Member Board has not deemed this activity for MOC approval as an accredited CME activity, this activity may count toward an ABMS Member Board’s general CME requirement. Please refer directly to your Member Board’s MOC Part II Lifelong Learning and Self-Assessment Program Requirements.

Educational Objectives

To determine whether optical coherence tomography of the optic nerve head in papilledema could act as a surrogate measure of intracranial pressure.


Neurology, Neuro-ophthalmology, Neuroradiology, Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Imaging


Medical Knowledge

CME Credit Type

AMA PRA Category 1 Credit



View All Activities by this CME Provider

The information provided on this page is subject to change. Please refer to the CME Provider’s website to confirm the most current information.