Activity ID



June 5, 2023

Format Type


CME Credit




CME Provider: JAMA

Description of CME Course

Since its invention in the 1940s, the positive pressure ventilator has always been known to have both risks and benefits. Although mechanical ventilation is unquestionably lifesaving, there are numerous associated drawbacks. Beyond the obvious and immediate limitations that patients require translaryngeal intubation and are physically attached to a ventilator, delivery of gas by positive pressure also creates mechanical stress and causes strain on lung tissue. This stress can lead to ventilator-induced lung injury, compounding the underlying lung condition that precipitated the initial respiratory failure. Despite advances in knowledge about protective ventilation strategies to limit ventilator-induced lung injury (most notably use of low tidal volumes), concern remains for this iatrogenic injury in all patients undergoing intubation and mechanical ventilation.

1. This activity is accredited by the American Medical Association.
2. This activity is free to AMA members.

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NOTE: If a Member Board has not deemed this activity for MOC approval as an accredited CME activity, this activity may count toward an ABMS Member Board’s general CME requirement. Please refer directly to your Member Board’s MOC Part II Lifelong Learning and Self-Assessment Program Requirements.

Educational Objectives

To understand the alternatives to invasive ventilation


Pulmonary Medicine, Coronavirus (COVID19), Infectious Diseases, Critical Care Medicine, Respiratory Failure and Ventilation


Medical Knowledge

CME Credit Type

AMA PRA Category 1 Credit

Additional Information


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